Garage slabs settle for a variety of reasons including poor drainage, poor compaction of the base material prior to construction, and because they’re built atop soil that simply isn’t strong enough to properly support a heavy structure.
Sometimes, the soil under a garage slab simply isn’t capable of properly holding up a building. Expansive soils are especially problematic because they expand when they absorb water and shrink when they dry out. This causes seasonal movement in the slab which can, over time, affect its stability. Proper drainage will ensure that excess water can’t get underneath the slab and affect the soil.
If the soil or other base material under the garage slab isn’t properly compacted prior to construction, it will slowly start to compact after construction as heavy vehicles are parked on top of the slab.
Is The Entire Garage Structure Settling Or Just The Concrete Slab?
This is the question we need to answer, because it will determine how to repair the sinking garage slab. Some garage slabs are connected to the perimeter foundation and some aren’t.
If a sinking garage slab isn’t attached to the perimeter foundation, it will be moving independently from the rest of the garage. In this case, it can be repaired using a polyurethane foam injection process commonly known as‘’slabjacking’’.
On the other hand, if a sinking garage slab is attached to the perimeter foundation, there’s a chance the entire garage is experiencing settlement. Signs this might be happening include a sloped garage floor, large cracks in the garage floor, or a visibly out-of-level garage header. In this case, the sinking garage slab would be repaired using polyurethane injection, while the perimeter foundation would be repaired using push piers.
Of course, if a settling garage is also attached to a house, it will put stress on the house and cause it to settle as well.
How To Repair A Sinking Garage Slab
In most cases, if the sinking garage slab is not connected to the perimeter foundation, it can be re-leveled using polyurethane foam injection(also known as‘’slabjacking’’). The process works as follows…
Small, 5/8 inch holes are drilled into the slab and polyurethane foam is injected into them.
As the polyurethane foam spreads out underneath the slab and expands, it fills any voids and lifts the slab back to its original position.
Polyurethane foam injection is a good alternative to a procedure known as‘’mudjacking’’, which uses a cement slurry instead of a lightweight polyurethane to lift the slab. The results are similar. However, cement slurry weighs a lot more than polyurethane foam and mudjacking usually requires drilling larger, 2 inch holes in the slab.
If the sinking garage slab is connected to the perimeter foundation, it can be releveled using steel push piers. The process works as follows…
The push pier brackets are attached to the footing of the foundationin the affected area.
Steel piers are driven through the brackets until they reach load-bearing material.